early pathogenesis of primary hypertension selected reviews presented at the proceedings of the International Symposium on Primary Hypertension, Implications for Detection and Intervention in Childhood, Rotterdam, 9-10 September 1986 by International Symposium on Primary Hypertension, Implications for Detection and Intervention in Childhood (1986 Rotterdam, Netherlands)

Cover of: early pathogenesis of primary hypertension | International Symposium on Primary Hypertension, Implications for Detection and Intervention in Childhood (1986 Rotterdam, Netherlands)

Published by Excerpta Medica, Sole distributors for the USA and Canada, Elsevier Science Pub. Co. in Amsterdam, New York, New York, NY, USA .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Essential hypertension -- Etiology -- Congresses.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographies and indexes.

Book details

Statementeditors, A. Hofman, D.E. Grobbee, and M.A.D.H. Schalekamp.
ContributionsHofman, A., Grobbee, D. E., Schalekamp, M. A. D. H.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsRC685.H8 I516 1986
The Physical Object
Paginationxiv, 219 p. ;
Number of Pages219
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL2395197M
ISBN 100444809384
LC Control Number87024875

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Studies by Cowley and Roman [], Hall et al.[] and Wang et al[] have since largely confirmed Guyton's paradigmFurther support for a key role for the kidney in the pathogenesis of hypertension has come from transplant studies in experimental models of hypertension [] and in humans [].Dahl and Heine [] demonstrated that the transplantation of a kidney from a rat with salt-sensitive Cited by: Get this from a library.

The early pathogenesis of primary hypertension: selected reviews presented at the proceedings of the International Symposium on Primary Hypertension, Implications for Detection and Intervention in Childhood, Rotterdam, September [A Hofman; D E.

The cause, or pathogenesis, of hypertension depends on the type of hypertension involved. Little is known about the cause of primary hypertension other than it is congenital.

The pathogenesis of secondary hypertension typically includes accompanying medical conditions, a sedentary lifestyle, an unhealthy early pathogenesis of primary hypertension book, and structural defects.

Pulmonary hypertension (PH or PHTN) is a condition of increased blood pressure within the arteries of the lungs. Symptoms include shortness of breath, syncope, tiredness, chest pain, swelling of the legs, and a fast heartbeat.

The condition may make it difficult to exercise. Onset is typically gradual. The cause is often unknown. Risk factors include a family history, prior blood clots in the Specialty: Pulmonology, cardiology.

The pathogenesis of essential hypertension is multifactorial and complex. [] Multiple factors modulate the blood pressure (BP) including humoral. The diagnosis in early stages of hypertension is difficult due to the rare symptoms and complex pathogenesis[1][2][3] [4]. Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is a hormone system responsible for Author: Robert M.

Carey. Once chronic hypertension is installed, and after the early stages of essential hypertension, hypertensive blood pressure levels may be maintained, even in the absence of an increased renal sympathetic nerve activity, mainly by a secondary kidney disease, characterized by glomerulosclerosis, interstitial fibrosis and proteinuria [51, 52].Cited by: Despite many years of active research, there is no unifying hypothesis to account for the pathogenesis of primary hypertension.

There is a natural progression of this disease that suggests early elevations in blood volume and cardiac output might initiate subsequent changes in the systemic vasculature (increased resistance).This has suggested to some researchers that a basic underlying defect.

Primary prevention of hypertension provides an opportunity to interrupt and prevent the continu-ing costly cycle of managing hypertension and its complications.7Pr The purpose of this article is to update the National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group Report on Primary Prevention of Hypertension7Pr and to address theFile Size: KB.

Feinleib M, Garrison R, Borhani N, early pathogenesis of primary hypertension book al. Studies of hypertension in twins. In: Epidemiology and Control of Hypertension, Paul 0 (Ed), Stratton Intercontinental Medical Book Corp, New York p Vieux R, Gerard M, Roussel A, et al.

Kidneys in 5-year-old preterm-born children: a longitudinal cohort monitoring of renal function. Alan C. Jackson, Zhen F. Fu, in Rabies (Third Edition), 2 Virus Entry into the Nervous System Earliest Events. Early studies in rabies pathogenesis, which were performed in order to establish the pathways and rate of viral spread, involved amputation of the tail or leg of an animal proximal to the site of inoculation with a “fixed” or “street” (wild-type) strain of rabies virus.

Covering primary hypertension definition, causes and risk factors, symptoms and secondary hypertension. Also commonly known as essential hypertension, primary high blood pressure is a disorder which is associated with elevated blood pressure whose causes are not readily identifiable. Its prevalence tend to raise with age in most populations.

Feinleib M, Garrison R, Borhani N, et al. Studies of hypertension in twins. In: Epidemiology and Control of Hypertension, Paul 0 (Ed), Stratton Intercontinental Medical Book Corp, New York p Vieux R, Gerard M, Roussel A, et al.

Kidneys in 5-year-old preterm-born children: a longitudinal cohort monitoring of renal function. Pathogenesis of hypertension and progress towards developing a hypertension vaccine, including the virus-like-particle-based approach, new adjuvant molecules and the potential toxicity of.

Pathophysiology is a branch of medicine which explains the function of the body as it relates to diseases and conditions. The pathophysiology of hypertension is an area which attempts to explain mechanistically the causes of hypertension, which is a chronic disease characterized by elevation of blood ension can be classified by cause as either essential (also known as primary or.

The need for early detection is critical for the understanding of the pathogenesis of primary pulmonary hypertension since clinical manifestations generally appear when the disease is far advanced and the remote initiating lesions have become blurred by time and relentless anatomic changes in Cited by: Essential hypertension (also called idiopathic hypertension) is the form of hypertension that by definition has no identifiable cause.

It is the most common type of hypertension, affecting 95% of hypertensive patients; it tends to be familial and is likely to be the consequence of an interaction between environmental and genetic factors.

Prevalence of essential hypertension increases with age Specialty: Cardiology. The pathogenesis of essential hypertension is multifactorial and highly complex. The kidney is both the contributing and the target organ of the hypertensive processes, [] and the disease involves the interaction of multiple organ systems and numerous mechanisms of independent or interdependent pathways.

Factors that play an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension. Kaplan's Clinical Hypertension Ninth Edition Chapter 3 Primary Hypertension: Pathogenesis As I review the extensive literature on the pathogenesis of primary hypertension published over the past 4 years since composing the previous edition of this book, a sense of futility arises.

Hundreds of papers have been published describing the work of. Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. High blood pressure typically does not cause symptoms.

Long-term high blood pressure, however, is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, peripheral arterial disease, vision Specialty: Cardiology. Essential hypertension, a rise in blood pressure of undetermined cause, includes 90% of all hypertensive cases and is a highly important public health challenge that remains, however, a major modifiable cause of morbidity and mortality.

This review emphasizes that, from an evolutionary point of view, we are adapted to ingest and excrete <1&#x;g of sodium (&#x;g of salt) per day Cited by: Hypertension may be primary, which may develop as a result of environmental or genetic causes, or secondary, which has multiple etiologies, including renal, vascular, and endocrine causes.

Primary or essential hypertension accounts for % of adult cases, and secondary hypertension accounts for % of cases. See Presentation for more detail. Theoretically, in primary hypertension the kidney might be a cause of the hypertension or might be a target organ damaged by the hypertension.

The possibility that hypertension might cause kidney damage that in turn would contribute to the maintenance of hypertension is now widely recognized [1–4], and will not be discussed further in this Author: Giuseppe Bianchi. Essential Hypertension – Pathogenesis and Pathophysiology Sanjay Vikrant*, SC Tiwari** Population studies suggest the blood pressure (BP) is a continuous variable, with no absolute dividing line between normal and abnormal values1.

High blood pressure is a leading risk factor for. Cardiovascular diseases are being included in the study of developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) and essential systemic hypertension has also been added to this field.

Epigenetic modifications are one of the main mechanisms leading to early programming of disease. Different environmental factors occurring during critical windows in the early stages of life may leave epigenetic Author: Verónica Guarner-Lans, Abril Ramírez-Higuera, María Esther Rubio-Ruiz, Vicente Castrejón-Téllez, Mar.

Bühler F.R. () Pathophysiology of Primary Hypertension: Role of Adrenoceptors in the Transformation from an Early High Cardiac Output into a Later High Arteriolar Resistance Phase. In: Amery A., Fagard R., Lijnen P., Staessen J. (eds) Hypertensive Cited by: 3.

There is still much uncertainty about the pathophysiology of hypertension. A small number of patients (between 2% and 5%) have an underlying renal or adrenal disease as the cause for their raised blood pressure. In the remainder, however, no clear single identifiable cause is found and their condition is labelled “essential hypertension”.

A number of physiological mechanisms are involved Cited by:   Primary prevention of hypertension provides an opportunity to interrupt and prevent the continuing costly cycle of managing hypertension and its complications.

7 The purpose of this article is to update the National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group Report on Primary Prevention of Hypertension 7 and to address the public Cited by: Hypertension is often called "the silent killer" because it generally has no symptoms until serious complications develop.

There are three general types of hypertension. Essential or primary hypertension occurs when the condition has no known cause. This form of hypertension cannot be cured, but it File Size: KB.

Hypertension with no known cause (primary; formerly, essential hypertension) is most common. Hypertension with an identified cause (secondary hypertension) is usually due to sleep apnea, chronic kidney disease, or primary aldosteronism.

Usually, no symptoms develop unless hypertension is severe or long-standing. Diagnosis is by sphygmomanometry. Primary Hypertension.

Primary hypertension is the most common type of hypertension and accounts for 95% of cases. It is a complex disorder with no isolated cause. Many factors can put you at risk for primary hypertension including obesity, diet, environment, stress, and sedentary lifestyle.

High sodium and family history of hypertension can. Secondary hypertension is a type of hypertension with an underlying, potentially correctable cause. A secondary etiology may be suggested by symptoms (e.g., flushing and sweating suggestive of. Some patients have hypertension secondary to primary hypertension or secondary to degenerative disease, such as diabetes, nephritis and hyperthyroidism.

Thus two types of cases are established: (1) primary hypertension (idiopathic) and (2) secondary hypertension (based on demonstrable organic changes in tissues).

Essential Hypertension: where there is an absence of identifiable secondary accounts for ~95% of all cases of hypertension. Also referred to as primary or idiopathic is a heterogeneous disorder with numerous risk factors including sedentary lifestyle, obesity, insulin resistance (metabolic syndrome), salt/sodium sensitivity, alcohol intake, age, family history.

Primary hypertension is not just an adult disorder. Current US population data on children and adolescents demonstrate a prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) and hypertension combined of over 10%.

Recent reports from prospective cohort studies describe an association of high BP in childhood with hypertension in young by: 3. Heritability of childhood hypertension is estimated at 50 percent One report15 noted that 49 percent of patients with primary childhood hypertension had a Cited by: primary hypertension: [MIM*] hypertension without known cause.

Synonym(s): idiopathic hypertension, primary hypertension. Etiology and Pathogenesis 病因学和发病机制 Primary hypertension: Primary (essential) hypertension is of unknown etiology; its diverse hemodynamic and pathophysiologic derangements are unlikely to result from a single cause. Etiology and management of hypertension in chronic kidney disease.

Med Clin North Am ; – Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), although rare, is a progressive disease with a high morbidity and mortality rate.

InErnst von Romberg, a German physician described pulmonary vascular lesions as “pulmonary vascular sclerosis”, the first description of histological changes in PAH [Fishman ].The average survival time for untreated patient is around yrs [D’Alonzo ].Author: Rajamma Mathew. Causes/pathogenesis TB is a mainly airborne infectious disease caused by M.

sms are spread by droplets in the air from individuals with active TB (‘contagious patients’) who cough, sneeze, sing or speak. Pathophysiology: Hypertension. STUDY. Flashcards. Learn. Write. Spell. Test. PLAY. Match. Gravity. Created by. drock Terms in this set (81) What is primary hypertension?

Primary hypertension is idiopathic or essential hypertension which means the cause is unknown. What percentage of hypertension is primary/essential?Redox Signaling Is an Early Event in the Pathogenesis of Renovascular Hypertension by Stella P.

Hartono 1,2, Bruce E. Knudsen 3, Adeel S. Zubair 1, Karl A. Nath 4, Stephen J. Textor 4, Lilach O. Lerman 4 and Joseph P. Grande 3,4,*Cited by:   Pathology of Hypertension.

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